There have been almost 1.5 million confirmed cases of coronavirus in the UK and more than 55,000 people have died, government figures show.
However, these figures include only people who have died within 28 days of testing positive for coronavirus and other measures suggest the number of deaths is higher.
Find out how the pandemic has affected your area and how it compares with the national average:
Note: Total case numbers in some areas may have dropped between 15 and 16 Nov. This is due to Public Health England reallocating some cases to different local authority areas. Dr Yvonne Doyle, Medical Director at Public Health England, said: “This better reflects the distribution of positive cases in recent weeks and months, particularly among younger people of university age who may not have yet registered with a GP at their term-time address.”
New cases ‘flattening’
After the first peak in April, cases started rising in the UK again in July, with the rate of growth increasing sharply in September and October.
Health Secretary Matt Hancock says the latest figures suggest “the second peak is flattening”.
It is thought the infection rate was much higher during the first peak in spring, but testing capacity at the time was too limited to detect the true number of daily cases.
On Sunday, the government announced a further 18,662 confirmed cases.
The latest figures from the Office for National Statistics (ONS), which is tracking Covid-19 in the community, also suggest that infections have levelled off in recent weeks.
Approximately one in 80 people in homes in England had coronavirus in the week ending 14 November, according to the ONS. That’s about 665,000 people and slightly up on the previous week.
In Wales, about one in 165 (18,400 people) had the virus during the same time period, while in Northern Ireland rates are thought to be decreasing at around one in 135 people (about 13,600 people). In Scotland, the figure was one in 155 having the virus (about 34,000 people).
Case numbers show the South East, East of England and London have seen the highest increases in the last few weeks.
Daily deaths have risen again
The average number of daily deaths has been rising since September.
On Sunday, the government reported 398 new deaths – which it says includes 141 deaths in England excluded from yesterday’s figures due to a “processing update”.
Of these, 370 deaths were in England, 10 in Northern Ireland, 11 in Wales and seven in Scotland.
Rules were amended over the summer to include deaths in the coronavirus total only if they occurred within 28 days of a positive test. Previously in England, all deaths after a positive test were included.
England has seen the majority of UK deaths from Covid-19. Using the 28-day cut-off, there have been more than 48,000.
Hospital admissions vary around UK
Although hospital admissions for Covid-19 remain below the levels seen in the spring, there are big regional disparities.
The North West, North East and Yorkshire, and Midlands have seen the highest number of admissions in recent weeks.
But some areas – including the North West, Scotland and Northern Ireland – are beginning to see improvements.
Where are cases rising the most?
Cases have risen across large parts of England, with other spikes in areas of Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.
The red areas on the map below are those currently seeing the highest number of cases per 100,000 people.
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Restrictions have been tightened across the UK in recent weeks in a bid to tackle the number of rising cases.
In England, a tougher three-tiered system of local restrictions will come into force when the lockdown ends on 2 December, Downing Street has said.
Prime Minister Boris Johnson is expected to set out a plan – including details of how families can see different households at Christmas – to MPs on Monday.
In Northern Ireland, a two-week “circuit-break” lockdown will begin on 27 November.
In Wales, a two-week “firebreak” lockdown, which began in the last week of October, has now ended but some restrictions are still in place.
Scotland has a five-tier system of alert levels with different measures in place in different parts of the country.
On Friday, 11 Scottish council areas: East Dunbartonshire, West Dunbartonshire, Glasgow, Renfrewshire, East Renfrewshire, North and South Lanarkshire, East and South Ayrshire, Stirling and West Lothian, moved into the top tier of restrictions.
As a result, non-essential shops, pubs, restaurants and gyms in those areas have closed, although schools remain open.
Overall death toll could be more than 70,000
When looking at the overall death toll from coronavirus, official figures count deaths in three different ways.
Government figures count people who tested positive for coronavirus and died within 28 days.
But there are two other measures.
The first includes all deaths where coronavirus was mentioned on the death certificate, even if the person had not been tested for the virus. The most recent figures suggest there had been more than 63,000 deaths by 6 November.
The second measure counts all deaths over and above the usual number at the time of year – that figure was more than 70,000 by 6 November.
The most recent figures available from the ONS are for the first week of November, which show there were 13,418 deaths registered in the UK.
Some 2,225 of these deaths involved Covid-19 – up from 1,598 the week before.
Deaths normally do rise at this time of the year, but the data from the ONS and its counterparts in Scotland and Northern Ireland show the second wave of the virus has pushed the death rate above the average seen over the past five years.
Overall, the figures are still well below the peak of 9,495 deaths recorded in a week, reached on 17 April.
What is the R number in the UK?
The “R number” is the average number of people an infected person will pass the disease on to.
If R is below one, then the number of people contracting the disease will fall; if it is above one, the number will grow.
The government’s current estimate for the R number across the whole of the UK is 1 to 1.1.
The estimate for England is 1.0 to 1.1, while for Scotland it is 0.8 to 1.0. The estimate for Wales is 0.9 to 1.2 and in Northern Ireland it is 0.9 to 1.1.
The government has said in the past that the R number is one of the most important factors in making policy decisions.